Hibernate Projections Introduction
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So far in criteria, we are able to load complete object right….! let us see how to load the partial objects while working with criteria. The projections concept is introduced in hibernate 3.0 and mainly we can do the following 2 operations using the projection
 We can load partial object from the database
 We can find the Result of Aggregate functions
Projection is an Interface given in “org.hibernate.criterion” package, Projections is an class given in same package, actually Projection is an interface, and Projections is an class and is a factory for producing projection objects.
In Projections class, we have all static methods and each method of this class returns Projection interface object.
If we want to add a Projection object to Criteria then we need to call a method setProjection()
Remember, while adding projection object to criteria, it is possible to add one object at a time. It means if we add 2nd projection object then this 2nd one will overrides the first one (first one wont be work), so at a time we can only one projection object to criteria object.
Using criteria, if we want to load partial object from the database, then we need to create a projection object for property that is to be loaded from the database
Example:
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Criteria crit = session.createCriteria(Products.class); crit.setProjection(Projections.proparty("proName")); List l=crit.list(); Iterator it=l.iterator(); while(it.hasNext()) { String s = (String)it.next(); //  print  } 
If we add multiple projections to criteria then the last projection added will be considered to execute see…
Example:
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Criteria crit = session.createCriteria(Products.class); Projection p1 = Projection.property("proName"); Projection p2 = Projection.property("price"); crit.setProjection(p1): crit.setProjection(p2): List l=crit.list();       
Here collections list l, is going to contain the price in the form of Double objects, but product names are over ridden, second projection over rides the first one, i mean p2 only will works p1 will not works, actually there is a way to add multiple projections to criteria to select more than one column from the database i will tell you in the next example
Excellent information