Struts 2 File Upload & Save Example

Struts » on Nov 8, 2011 { 24 Comments } By Sivateja

Let us see how to work with file uploads in struts 2 frame work, things to remember while working with this type of application

  • See in index.jsp i have taken <s:file  name=”uploadFile” i mean my file tag name is uploadFile
  • We used to write setters, getters for this property in Action class right, but while writing we need to write setters, getters for 2 more properties with names uploadFileFileName  &  uploadFileContentType
  • I mean name format must be [ our file property name ]ContentType & [ our file property name ]FileName
  • Actually at run time struts 2 container will injects the required file details into these properties, and thing is see struts.xml –  line 23 fileUpload is the predefined interceptor class, this will take cares every thing
  • Once file uploaded, struts 2 will stores the file with some temp name, its our responsibility to convert and save that file,  see line numbers 39,40,41,42 in Action class of

File Upload Example

required files….

  • index.jsp
  • success.jsp
  • web.xml
  • struts.xml

Directory Structure


<%@ taglib prefix="s" uri="/struts-tags" %>
<s:head />

<s:actionerror />

<s:form action="uploadAction" method="POST" enctype="multipart/form-data">
   <s:file name="uploadFile" label="Choose File" size="40" />
   <s:submit value="Upload" name="submit" />


<%@ taglib prefix="s" uri="/struts-tags" %>

   File uploaded successfully...!!!

   File Name : <s:property value="uploadFileFileName"/> <br>
   Content Type : <s:property value="uploadFileContentType"/> <br>
   Temp File Name : <s:property value="uploadFile"/>

package java4s;


import com.opensymphony.xwork2.ActionSupport;

public class LogingEx extends ActionSupport{
	private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

	private File uploadFile;
	private String uploadFileContentType;
	private String uploadFileFileName;	

	public File getUploadFile() {
		return uploadFile;
	public void setUploadFile(File uploadFile) {
		this.uploadFile = uploadFile;

	public String getUploadFileContentType() {
		return uploadFileContentType;
	public void setUploadFileContentType(String uploadFileContentType) {
		this.uploadFileContentType = uploadFileContentType;

	public String getUploadFileFileName() {
		return uploadFileFileName;
	public void setUploadFileFileName(String uploadFileFileName) {
		this.uploadFileFileName = uploadFileFileName;

	public String execute()
		String filePath = "c:/Myuploads";  // Path where uploaded file will be stored
        System.out.println("Server path:" + filePath); // check your path in console
        File fileToCreate = new File(filePath, uploadFileFileName);// Create file name  same as original
        FileUtils.copyFile(uploadFile, fileToCreate); // Just copy temp file content tos this file		

		}catch(Exception e)
            return INPUT;

		return SUCCESS;

// Context pirnt.....

//private HttpServletRequest servletRequest;
//String filePath = servletRequest.getSession().getServletContext().getRealPath("/");
//System.out.println("Server path:" + filePath);
//File fileN = new File(filePath, this.uploadFileFileName);
//FileUtils.copyFile(this.userImage, fileToCreate);


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<web-app xmlns:xsi="" xmlns="" xmlns:web="" xsi:schemaLocation="" id="WebApp_ID" version="2.5">


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>

"-//Apache Software Foundation//DTD Struts Configuration 2.0//EN"

    <include file="struts-default.xml"/>
    <package name="a" extends="struts-default">

        <action name="uploadAction" class="java4s.LogingEx"> 

            <interceptor-ref name="exception" />
			<interceptor-ref name="alias" />
			<interceptor-ref name="servletConfig" />
			<interceptor-ref name="prepare" />
			<interceptor-ref name="i18n" />
			<interceptor-ref name="chain" />
			<interceptor-ref name="debugging" />
			<interceptor-ref name="profiling" />
			<interceptor-ref name="scopedModelDriven" />
			<interceptor-ref name="modelDriven" />
			<interceptor-ref name="fileUpload">
			<param name="maximumSize">10240</param>
			<param name="allowedTypes">text/plain</param>
			<interceptor-ref name="checkbox" />
			<interceptor-ref name="staticParams" />
			<interceptor-ref name="actionMappingParams" />
			<interceptor-ref name="params">
			<param name="excludeParams"> dojo\..*,^struts\..*</param>
			<interceptor-ref name="conversionError" />
			<interceptor-ref name="validation">
			<param name="excludeMethods"> input,back,cancel,browse</param>
			<interceptor-ref name="workflow">
			<param name="excludeMethods"> input,back,cancel,browse</param>

            <result name="success">/success.jsp</result>
            <result name="input">/index.jsp</result>


Output If if we take wrong file

Output If file accepted



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24 Responses to “Struts 2 File Upload & Save Example”
  1. Merlene Standberry says:

    Well I really enjoyed reading it. This article offered by you is very constructive for accurate planning.

  2. saharh says:

    thanks for this.

    but if we want to check that only .txt or .csv is uploaded then how to validate the extension..

  3. Java4s says:


    Actually in the current example i have given

    <param name=”allowedTypes”>text/plain</param>

    to allow text related files only. When the uploaded file type does not match one of the MIME types specified a field error will be created.

    If that is image, you can give

    <param name=”allowedTypes”>image/jpeg</param>


    <param name=”allowedTypes”>image/gif</param>

    its depends.

  4. Bhaskar says:

    I am unable to find to retrieve the uploaded file,the filePath mentioned did not contain any concerned file!

  5. Java4s says:


    You will be able to find your uploaded file in ‘c:/Myuploads‘ location, however you can change the location.

  6. kanishka says:

    this is work how can we upload mp3 file format

  7. prabakaran says:

    could u plz do with oracle database because im facing with oracle db but not with mysql

  8. vaigha says:

    how to save the file in a different extension.Like i can upload both .xls & .xlsx but it should save in .xlsx format only.How can i do that?

  9. Amol Ubale says:

    Nice article to good support to my project for uploading file.

  10. Very useful for me.Thank you so much.

  11. can u please post a tutorial on struts 2 preloaded interface and service locator… Thnx in advance 😛

  12. munna says:

    please reply me how to add datetimestamp to filename while uploading file.?????

  13. niraj says:

    i upload .csv file and i got .tmp file.. so how could i get my original file (.csv).

  14. Pavan says:

    Can you explain a code uploading image to mySQL database using struts2, WITHOUT any tiles or hibernate ingration. Thankyou.

  15. Sudeetha Nuwan says:

    application/ use for upload csv and another ms excel related formats.

  16. sankar says:

    very nice examples easy to under stand thank you so much

  17. k says:

    The image uploaded is not accepted..its showing null

  18. Subrahmanyam says:

    File upload interceptor is not working fine in ie if i give valid file format also not accepting

  19. chikku says:

    org.apache.jasper.JasperException: javax.servlet.ServletException: java.lang.NullPointerException

  20. san says:

    Hi, i tried the above one but i’m getting “java.lang.NoSuchMethodError: org.apache.commons.fileupload.servlet.ServletFileUpload.parseRequest(Lorg/apache/commons/fileupload/RequestContext;)Ljava/util/List;” error so for what reason i’m getting this error i followed all the steps and including jar files.

  21. Amarendra says:

    When i upload the file then that file name will be change into upload_421e7f6a_15acb7b662b__8000_00000013.pdf. my original file name is 0009012199321_000114.pdf.
    I want this file after uploading on this format 9012199321.pdf.

    Please help me how can do that.
    Thanks in advance

  22. Ankit says:

    Hi Sivateja,
    You explained very well but when i upload file (Content-Disposition: form-data; name="uploadedFile"; filename="downloadFile_7.pdf") then filename is not changing when i try to change filename using burpsuit.
    I m trying to implement security for file name and content change.
    Please look into this problem.

  23. Ravi Kant Sharma says:

    very very use full and sufficient to solve the error
    thanks for share to me

  24. My Image uploaded successfully and store in the database
    Thanks for share


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